1. 13:30 23rd Jul 2014

    Notes: 78881

    Reblogged from memewhore

     
  2. 13:28

    Notes: 103464

    Reblogged from ruinedchildhood

    Done!

    Done!

     
  3. 13:28

    Notes: 45242

    Reblogged from ruinedchildhood

    image: Download

    fingerblaster113:

imperfectstigma:

I saw this on facebook and I was so done….

I literally couldn’t not reblog this

    fingerblaster113:

    imperfectstigma:

    I saw this on facebook and I was so done….

    I literally couldn’t not reblog this

     
  4. 13:28

    Notes: 383434

    Reblogged from ruinedchildhood

    thecatblr:

    horsiie:

    smart people can get stressed out by school

    smart people can get stressed out by school

    smart people can get stressed out by school

    • smart people can get stressed out by school
    • smart people can get stressed out by school
    • smart people can get stressed out by school
    • SMART PEOPLE CAN BE STRESSED OUT BY SCHOOL

    Smart people can become so stressed out by school that they dont care about grades anymore

     
  5. 13:19

    Notes: 167806

    Reblogged from ruinedchildhood

    joshpeck:

    vinebox:

    Literally I Cant Ew

    i will watch this until my eyes bleed

     
  6. 13:17

    Notes: 136246

    Reblogged from memewhore

    dancingspirals:

ironychan:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:


A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

    dancingspirals:

    ironychan:

    hungrylikethewolfie:

    dduane:

    A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

    (sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

    I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

    Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

    Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.

    If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.

    Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.

    Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

    (Source: wine-loving-vagabond)

     
  7. 13:16

    Notes: 2923

    Reblogged from memewhore

    image: Download

    
I hope that people out there now can associate being transgender with being accomplished, being successful and achieving your dreams

    I hope that people out there now can associate being transgender with being accomplished, being successful and achieving your dreams

     
  8. 13:09

    Notes: 5616

    Reblogged from thefuuuucomics

    image: Download

    clavid:

hitmonchan:

Goodnight and by that I mean I will roll around in bed for 2 hours and slowly die

please stay strong. So u are 101.3% pregnant?so what. All that means to me is JEHOVAH has 101.3% a plan for you.
Please keep my very pregnant friend in UR thoughts and prayers everyone

    clavid:

    hitmonchan:

    Goodnight and by that I mean I will roll around in bed for 2 hours and slowly die

    please stay strong. So u are 101.3% pregnant?so what. All that means to me is JEHOVAH has 101.3% a plan for you.

    Please keep my very pregnant friend in UR thoughts and prayers everyone

     
  9. 13:08

    Notes: 72

    Reblogged from disneygoesevil

    (Source: dizneypunk)

     
  10. 13:08

    Notes: 198656

    Reblogged from memewhore

    castielwinchestqueer:

    arctickayla:

    tkushes:

    rhabdomancer:

    tkushes:

    never seen awful statues?? I think u are forgetting all of Michelangelo’s attempts at sculpting women, the big queer

    Damn, how could I forget?

    image

    Dented oranges are my favorite type of breast

    Michel-I’ve never seen a naked woman-angelo 

    he literally just sculpted a man’s pectorals and put lumpy lemons on them

     
  11. 13:07

    Notes: 118305

    Reblogged from littlecofiegirl

    perks-of-being-sian:

    this is the best thing since sliced bread I’m not kidding

    OMG. #Love

    (Source: karisikcerez)

     
  12. 12:32

    Notes: 12341

    Reblogged from memewhore

    lordeddardstark:

    what do we say to the god of death?

    me: sean bean is that way

    Nash Grier is that way.

     
  13. 12:31

    Notes: 16927

    Reblogged from memewhore

    puff-to-tuff:

    These are just the right mix of douchy and nerdy I was looking for.

     
  14. 12:29

    Notes: 309363

    Reblogged from memewhore

    image: Download

    dzolamboto:

oregonfairy:


The tallest statue in the world, Ushiku Daibutsu.

this always gives me chills


Insane.

    dzolamboto:

    oregonfairy:

    The tallest statue in the world, Ushiku Daibutsu.

    this always gives me chills

    Insane.

     
  15. 11:07

    Notes: 94366

    Reblogged from thefuuuucomics

    cyclopentanone:

    when you have to go around the circle and introduce yourself to the group

    image